The National flag of India has three equal horizontal bands – the top panel is saffron which signifies patriotism and sacrifice, white middle band stands for truth in words and action and purity in our thoughts and the bottom panel is green which stands for life and prosperity. At the center of the white band, is a wheel with 24 spokes in navy blue color that is called the Ashok Chakra or Dharma Chakra (The Wheel of Law).
It was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the constituent assembly held on 22 July 1947. It is called ‘Tricolour’ or ‘Tiranga’.
The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress, designed by Pingali Venkayya.
As per the Indian laws the national flag is to be made up of Khadi. The only official manufacturer and supplier of Indian flag is ‘Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha, Hubli’.
Some interesting facts about Indian National Flag:
- The Indian national flag was hoisted on Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world, on May 29 1953, along with the Union Jack and the Nepalese National flag
- In 2008, ISRO’s Moon Impact Probe, carried the image of the flag complete with the Emblem of India and the words “Satyameva Jayate” on the probe’s external aluminium surface. This probe was carried as part of the Chandrayaan-1 mission
- Indian Flag also flew into space as a medallion on the spacesuit worn by Cosmonaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma, during the Indo-Soviet joint space flight via Soviet rocket Soyuz T-11 in April 1984
- Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama was the first person to hoist Indian flag on foreign soil on 22 August 1907 in Stuttgrat, Germany
- The National Flag hoisted at Central Park, Connaught Place (Rajiv Chowk), New Delhi is one of the largest in India. It is 90 feet in length, 60 feet in width and is hoisted on a flagpole of 207 feet
India holds a world record of forming the largest human flag, which was formed by 50,000 volunteers in Chennai in December 2014.